12 May — the International Nurses Day
We celebrate the International Nurses Day on the 12th of May because on this day in 1820 Florens Nightingale, a British humanist and nurse, the founder of medical care was born. She went down in history as a nurse in the Crimean War of 1854–1855. At that time, she was writing short messages that introduced the horrors of war to the whole world. After returning from Turkey, she dedicated herself to the work focused on proving the high mortality rate associated with the unsatisfactory heath-related conditions and poor nutrition. She participated in designing hospitals and wrote a manual for nurses, which became the main training materials in the School for nurses and midwives founded on 9 July 1860 at the St. Thomas Hospital. In 1869, she, along with Elizabeth Blackwell, founded the Female Medical College in London.
The World’s Nurses Today
Despite the huge advances in achieving the key objectives of the millennium, we are still witnessing significant differences in health status and life expectancy between the countries with high, middle and low level of income, between men and women as well as between urban and rural populations.
A possibility of accessing the health care services is critical for health improvement, well-being and prolongation of life expectancy in people. However, the provision of these basic requirements still remains hampered due to the costs, language barriers, distance, policies and practices, and many other factors. Nurses, as the main and in some cases the only group of health professionals providing primary health care in a number of the most difficult conditions, play a key role in improving the quality and accessibility of health care and enhancing the level of these services.
The material for the International Nurses Day 2016 strengthens our understanding of the value of accessibility and quality of services and of those negative effects that the inequality has on the health care system.
It draws our attention to the challenges and informs us on how we can improve the accessibility and quality of services. In addition, the material draws attention to the role of social determinants of health and informs us on what the nurses are able to do in order to improve the quality and accessibility of their services within the public health system.
In 2001, the international community supported the idea of the driving Millennium objectives. Commitment to these objectives is the securance in the need to improve significantly the health status of the world’s population, and the awareness of the fact that the disease burden is unevenly distributed. Significant differences are evident in the health status and life expectancy between the countries with high, middle and low levels of income, between men and women as well as between urban and rural populations.
Meanwhile, the access to health care services is of crucial importance. It may be limited in view of costs, language barriers, distance, policies and practices, due to which a service is not provided because of its poor quality or inaccessibility, or just because of the current policy of limitations related thereto.
Nurses and other health professionals play an important role in achieving equality in health care. The understanding of what the health care sector can do to overcome the existing inequalities and bureaucratic barriers is of key importance here.
Who we are and how many of us are in Slovenia
The House of Associations includes 16,560 members, 640 of which are midwives. The register incorporates data on 18,208 medical workers, and 11,009 licenses are issued for the provision of individual medical and obstetric services. There are only 19 currently unemployed licenced nurses in Slovenia.
A nurse in the Republic of Slovenia is a licenced nurse/certified doctor, who graduated from the medical aid courses at any university of our state, which includes 4,600 hours of academic training program, 2,300 of which are academic hours of practice conducted directly in the clinical environment, in contact with patients. The curriculum must directly comply with the European Directive No. 2005/36/ES, the directive on regulated professions. According to these criteria, a person providing health care services in Slovenia is a licenced nurse/certified doctor. As part of the profession development, the support is provided to professional, career and academic development of persons providing health care services, which is implemented with training on the Bachelor degree program, in the course of post-graduate education in master’s and doctoral studies, and with training in the course of a lifetime.
In accordance with the European legislation, the persons providing health care services who do not have higher education should feature the following common professional qualifications: a secondary nurse, a secondary medical technician, a technician in the field of health care, a doctor, a nurse in the field of health care. We are talking about those individuals who have acquired specialized education of the secondary school level and are involved in provision of health care services in accordance with their professional competence. The basis for the list of their professional disciplines is the “Professional Types of Activities and Competences in Provision of Health Care and Obstetrics Services” booklet published by the House of Associations (2008).
A ceremony in honour of the International Nurses Day will is held in Maribor on the 12th of May.
The Chairman of the House of Associations, Darinka Klemenc, who presented the highest awards of the House of Associations — the gold medals for the year 2016, attended the ceremony in honour of the International Midwives Day and the International Nurses Day.
Mrs. Marija Miloradovich received the award for many years of work. She has been working as the principal chief nurse for many years. Her work has made a significant contribution to the organization of nursing and midwifery in the broadest sense of the word — from the hospital department, health care institution, ambulatory patient care, education system and up to the national and state-level of organization and development of the health and social care system.