The Republic of Slovenia is a small country in southern Central Europe located between Austria, Italy, Hungary, and Croatia. The territory of Slovenia covers 20,273 square kilometres with the population of only 2 million people.
In the 1st century AD, the ancient Roman settlement of Emona was founded in the territory of modern Ljubljana. The territory of Slovenia was inhabited by Slavs starting from the 6th century AD. In the 9–12th centuries, a number of principalities, such as Styria, Krajina etc., were founded in this territory. Since the beginning of 16th century, almost the entire territory of Slovenia was under Austrian rule.
After the First World War, it became a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and was occupied by Germany and Italy during the Second World War. Since 1945, Slovenia was a part of Yugoslavia, while keeping a broad economic and cultural autonomy.
In 1991, it became independent and in 2004, joined the European Union.
Slovenia is famous for its alpine landscapes in the north and karst caves in the south, a picturesque Adriatic Sea coastline and the architecture of ancient cities.
The most visited attraction is the Postojna Cave (in Slovene: Postojnska Jama), which is located in the south-west of the country, 55 km from Ljubljana. This is the largest karst cave of Europe with a length of more than 20 km that has numerous tunnels and halls, and enough space to travel by train inside it.
Half of Slovenia’s area is covered by forests. Therefore, much attention is paid to environmental protection. Protected parks occupy 140.4 thousand hectares, including the large Triglav National Park in the Julian Alps, 2 regional parks, 34 landscape parks, 49 nature reserves and 623 natural monuments.
More than 21 thousand hectares of Slovenia is covered with vineyards. The world’s oldest vine, which is already more than 400 years old, grows in Maribor.
The official language of the country is Slovenian. However, due to a close proximity to Austria, Italy, Hungary and Croatia, the languages of these countries prevail in the border areas. Almost 42% of the Slovenian population understand and speak well German. The overwhelming majority of the country’s population knows English. The Slovenes understand well both Russian and Ukrainian. However, it is not difficult to learn the Slovenian language at a conversational level if to take lessons at least 3 days a week.
The Slovenes are very hardworking and responsible people. They work conscientiously, but also devote much time to the family. Joint walks and sports entertainment are the best pastime for the local population.
One of the national symbols of the country is a bee.
Video about various events held in Slovenia
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