Foreign Capital in Slovenia
The Statistics Service published data on the foreign companies in Slovenia for the period until 2014. As it turned out, their number is still relatively small. In 2014, there were 130 thousand companies in Slovenia, while foreigners owned only 5% of them (about 6,600). They account for 30% of total revenues and 20% of employed persons (about 110 thousand people).
In recent years, the foreign capital has come to Slovenia in two ways.
Firstly, in the course of privatization, when the illiquid state-owned companies or private companies, the assets of which due to the debts were in the ownership of the state-owned banks, were purchased. This way is the most common.
Secondly, in the course of the new “greenfield” investments.
The European and Russian Companies in Slovenia
During the economic crisis in Slovenia, the number of foreign companies grew faster than the number of Slovenian ones. Statistical indicators of the company activities taking into account the capital origin demonstrate that the companies with foreign capital coped with the crisis much better and served as a kind of shock therapy for the entire Slovenian economy.
According to the 2014 data, the Serbians are the leaders among the foreign company owners in Slovenia, while the Italians are in the second place. During the period of 2008–2014, the Russians founded the majority of the new companies. However, the Russian companies are trailing along at the back of the ranking according to the average number of employees in the foreign owned companies (6 people). The French (72 persons) are leading followed by the Swiss (68), the Germans (52) and the Austrians (31).
The income level statistics shows that in 2014, the highest earnings were among the companies with German owners followed by Austria, Croatia and France. The Swiss and French are leading in terms of the added value index. Interestingly, despite the fact that the largest number of companies with foreign capital belongs to the citizens of Serbia, they are not in the top of the ranking on the income volume statistics, the value added per one employee, and the number of employees.
Dynamics of Companies in Slovenia in 2008–2014
- The number of all companies grew by 19.6% in Slovenia.
- The number of Slovene-owned companies increased by 18.6% in Slovenia.
- The number of foreign-owned companies increased by 42% in Slovenia.
The added value per one employee at the foreign-owned companies in Slovenia in 2008–2014
- The added value per one employee increased by 12.1% in Slovenia.
- The added value per one employee grew in all companies in Slovenia (excluding the owner’s country of origin).
- The added value per one employee in a Slovene-owned company grew by 12.8% in Slovenia.
- The added value per one employee in a foreign-owned company increased by 4.3% in Slovenia.
- The biggest value added per one employee is in the Israeli-owned companies (69,100 euros in 2014).
The number of personnel in the foreign-owned companies in Slovenia in 2008–2014
- The number of employees in all companies (excluding the owner’s country of origin) decreased by 14.9% in Slovenia.
- The number of employees in the Slovene-owned companies decreased by 21.8% in Slovenia.
- The number of employees in the foreign-owned companies grew by 23.2% in Slovenia.