Labour Market: Employment Statistics by Industry Sectors and Needs of Employers
In autumn last year, Slovenian employers searched for 1,200 specialists more than in summer – 13,600 vacancies. Each fourth hot vacancy was proposed in the manufacturing industry (almost 3,400 people), and one in five job proposals appeared in civil engineering (a shade over 2,500 workplaces). The companies with a staff of less than 10 people were ready to employ the majority of requested specialists: 7,700.
Table 1. The Indicator of Job Vacancies (%). Blue curve – all business entities. Red curve – business entities with a staff of less than 10 people.
As noted in the Statistics Service, the employment rate during given period as compared to the third quarter of 2015 increased by 0.2%, while 1.9% of job positions remained vacant.
The civil engineering sector experienced the biggest problem with the employment, wherein 5.1% of job positions remained vacant, and the hospitality industry with 4.7% of vacant places. This fact mainly concerns small employers with about 900 vacancies. In the reporting period, they hired 27,500 employees. Major employers with 15,300 people in staff were looking for 450 workers. The share of vacant jobs in the industry increased by 1.4% over last year, and it has almost doubled over the past two years.
A shade under 20,900 workers were engaged in the field of ICT in the end of 2015, and 21,700 workers in 2016, while 370 job positions remained vacant. Since 2010, the number of ICT workers has increased by 1,500 people. The share of vacant jobs in the sector increased from 0.5% to 1.7%, and over the last year – by 0.4%.
Table 2. Job Positions According to Industry Sectors by the Fourth Quarter of 2016. A sample for 2014–2016 (columns from left to right). Industry sectors (in the order of growth in the number of vacancies, left to right): manufacturing industry; civil engineering; selling, maintenance and repair of motor vehicles; logistics, cargo transportation and storage services; hospitality industry; other various types of entrepreneurial activity; expert, scientific and technical activities; health and social protection; information and communication technologies.
In total, the sample period involved 714,000 occupied job positions, which is about 8,000 more than in the third quarter of 2016. Eighty out of one hundred workers were employed in companies with a staff of less than 10 workers.
At the EU level, wherein the data for the third quarter of 2016 is available, Slovenia with the 1.7% index of vacant job places takes the 7th place. As noted by Eurostat, the biggest problems with employment are recorded for the Czech Republic with 3.1% of vacant job positions. In Germany, the figure is 2.3%.