One of the youngest and most beautiful cities in Slovenia was built after the Second World War on the banks of the Soča River. It is located a few kilometres from the ancient Italian city of Gorizia. The appearance of the city is associated with the signing of the Paris Peace Treaty in 1947, which marked the new European borders. The major part of the Gorizia region (Slovene: Goriška regija) remained in the country, while the largest city of Gorizia passed to Italy. Slovenia, which was then part of the Republic of Yugoslavia, remained without the regional centre. The government decided to build a new city. In November 1949, the authorities officially raised the national flag and announced the beginning of construction.
Nova Gorica, the tenth largest city in Slovenia, is located 65 km west of Ljubljana and 35 km north of Trieste. The population of Nova Gorica with its suburbs is about 20 thousand people (as of 2012).
The Holy Mountain, crowned with the Romanesque basilica of Svyatogorsk Mother of God, rises on the northern outskirts of the city. This place offers an excellent view of the green Soča Valley. Another interesting architectural structure, a monastery of the 17th century built by the Franciscan monks, stands on the Kostanjevica Hill. There is also the Church of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary in the crypt, in which the last French King of the Bourbon dynasty, Charles X, and his family were buried.
Theatregoers like to visit theatrical performances of the local Primorska Drama Theatre in Nova Gorica. Its first performance took place in 1965. Besides, Nova Gorica attracts its guests with distinctive cuisine, in which Slovenian and Italian culinary traditions have intertwined. The city is famous for its wines.
One of the biggest Slovenian universities is located in Nova Gorica. The University of Nova Gorica was founded in 2006. According to the international U-Multirank ranking, the University surpasses many universities of the region (for example, the University of Graz, the University of Trieste, the University of Padova, and the University of Zagreb). According to the RUR (Round University Ranking) international ranking, which evaluates and ranks the best world’s universities, in 2016 the University of Nova Gorica took the high 203rd place and became a part of the world university elite.
It is possible to distinguish such famous natives of Nova Gorica as the President of Slovenia Borut Pahor and alpine skier Jure Franko, who won the first in the history of Yugoslavia medal at the Winter Olympics in 1984 year.