Providing Electricity to Slovenia by 2043
Power engineering has become a topical subject recently. The energy market has been changing with an unprecedented dynamics, currently undergoing the phase of transformation. The industry is facing numerous challenges, for which the integrated solutions should be found. Slovenia is getting ready to adopt energy concept. The above-mentioned issues and the relations between power engineering and environment were the topics of our conversation with Professor Dr. Peter Novak, an expert on power engineering and environmental aspects, who is one of the pioneers in the sphere of solar energy technologies implementation. He supports zero growth of primary energy and sustainable development of power engineering in Slovenia.
– Are there any concerns in Slovenia as for decreasing self-sufficiency in electric energy?
– The supply of electricity, which represents a little more than 23% of the final energy consumed in Slovenia, will not be under threat until 2043 provided that the existing power plants will operate properly.
Another question is whether we will maintain them in operating condition despite the current low price for electricity in the European markets.
The today’s power generation capacity covers 99.8% of our needs. However, exports and imports do not always coincide resulting in that the Slovenian power plants are functioning in low-power operating mode or are even stopped because of their unprofitability within the market environment.
The EU energy market has been greatly deformed and is far from the normal state. It is common knowledge for everyone except for a few persons in Brussels.
– How to meet the growing energy demand in Slovenia under simultaneous decrease in carbon dioxide emissions?
– In the conditions of introduction of heat pumps and electric vehicles, we will have to compensate for the increase in electricity consumption, which is expected in the coming period, with the construction of renewable power plants, such as hydroelectric power plants, wind and solar (photovoltaic) stations as well as biomass-fuelled thermal power plants.
Therefore, we must find a compromise between Natura 2000 and electricity supplies. Slovenia must consistently manage its environment, that is promote the development of energy as well as maintain and improve natural resources properly. Since the nature is constantly changing, and we cannot influence most of the changes (calamities), we must behave in the nature as far-sighted managers.
We also talked with Peter Novak about the dilemma between nuclear power engineering and renewable energy sources as well as about the matter of whether it was worth building hydroelectric power stations or not.