Every year, on 31 October, the Slovenes celebrate the Reformation Day, which is one of the country’s key public holidays. This day is an official day off in Slovenia. Besides Slovenia, the Day of Reformation is a public holiday in the German states of Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Schleswig-Holstein, as well as in Chile. In 1949–1967, the Day of Reformation was a national holiday of the GDR.
The word “reformation” is of Latin origin and means renewal or transformation. On that day in 1517, the priest Martin Luther hung 95 theses on the doors of his church in the German city of Wittenberg. He insisted on the transformation of the Catholic Church, criticizing it for the activities that, in his opinion, were aimed at the enrichment in the name of religion.
The Reformation led to a split in the Catholic Church, as a result of which Christians of the Western rite were divided into Protestants and Catholics. The event, which occurred 500 years ago, caused a number of religious, cultural and political changes, which, among other things, gave a significant impetus to the development of the Slovenian language. Although officially the Reformation Day is a religious holiday, for the Slovene people it is important precisely in the above context.
One of the most important results of the Reformation was the first two books in Slovenian language published by Primož Trubar in 1550 – Abecednik and Katekizem. The Slovenes had the first orthography called ‘Zimske urice’ developed by Adam Bohorič and ‘Otročja Biblija’ by Sebastijan Krelj. From the religious point of view, the translation of the entire Holy Scriptures into Slovenian, made in 1583 by Jurij Dalmatin, is of great importance. At the same time, interest in education increased in the Slovenian lands. Priests began to teach the basics of reading and writing. In 1517, a printing house even worked in Ljubljana for a certain period of time. Thus, today’s official religious festival is dedicated not only to faith, but also to the birth of the Slovenian literary language.
The 2TM Company congratulates all readers on this holiday! The Reformation Day is an excellent occasion to pay attention to the beauty and originality of the Slovenian language and culture. Study the language with us and discover Slovenia, which is beautiful on both holidays and weekdays!