Slovenia in 1991 and Today: How the Life Indicators Have Changed over the 28 Years of Independence

On 25 June 2019, Slovenia celebrated the Day of Statehood and the 28th anniversary of its independence. For this event, the Statistics Service has published interesting data on how the country has changed over this period.

In 1991, in order to buy 1 kg of bread, it was necessary to work for 27 minutes, and in 2018 – 19 minutes. To buy 1 kg of wheat flour, in 1991, a Slovene should work for 16 minutes, and in 2018 – 6 minutes. To buy 1 litre of vegetable oil, in 1991, people had to work for 46 minutes, and in 2018 – only 13 minutes. It took 5 hours and 2 minutes of work to buy 1 kg of ground coffee in 1991, and in 2018 – 1 hour and 24 minutes. To buy a Renault Clio car, in 1991, a Slovene needed to work for 3,702 hours, and in 2018 – 1,865 hours, while to purchase a TV-set with a 40–43-inch screen, 339 and 74 work hours, respectively, were needed. Thus, material benefits have become much more accessible for the Slovenes.

In terms of GDP per capita, in 2018, Slovenia ranked 16 (€ 22,500) among the 28 EU member states (Luxembourg had the highest rate and Bulgaria – the lowest).

The most important foreign trade partners of the country are Germany, Austria and Italy. The main markets, in addition to EU countries, are the former Yugoslav republics.

If in 1991, the country was visited by 1.4 million tourists, then in 2018, Slovenia hosted 5.7 million tourists.

On 1 January 1991, the average age of a Slovenian citizen was 35.9 years, and on 1 January 2019 – 43.4 years.

In the 2018/2019 academic year, the elementary schools of the country had 39 thousand pupils less than in the 1991/1992 academic year.

The average life expectancy has noticeably increased: in 1991 it was 70 years, and by the end of 2017 – almost 78 years.