What Awaits the Labour Market in the Next 10 Years?
Microsoft researchers claim that by 2025 more than 60% of all existing professions will undergo changes in connection with the technological revolution, which we already can witness today. Technologies are developing so fast that the education system simply does not keep up with the rapidly changing labour market. The time when people obtained one education and one profession “for a lifetime” has passed. Today, university is only the first step, a place to receive general knowledge.
Throughout life, a person acquires new skills in accordance with the challenges offered by the modern times. Education has become “fast”, that is, today it is possible to master a new profession in record short terms (from 1 month to 2 years). European universities offer study programmes for the retraining of employees, which allows an employee to save its working position, while employers do not spend money and energy on finding the “right person”.
Within this month, we will publish materials about the professions of the future. Is it worth looking far ahead and choosing a study programme based on research publications, or, maybe, choose a family affair? Choose something stable, or decide to try yourself in something new. So, what is the right way to behave?
Read our new section and decide for yourself!
So, what professions will be most in demand in the labour market in 10–15 years:
Cosmonauts and Robotics Specialists
The future development of space and new planets will require specialists in the field of creating materials and technologies for the construction of space objects and the robot satellites, which will be used to conduct research. According to the estimates of Cisco experts, by 2020, robots will replace 60% of people in the most dangerous areas associated with going into outer space.
This will deal with a banal human curiosity in the study of new spaces. Space tourism will become more accessible and specialists will be needed to create safe and comfortable tourist spaceships, in which ordinary people can reach the Moon.
The profession of a cosmonaut will become highly specialized: cosmobiologists, cosmogeologists and other subject matter experts will appear. That is, any specialist with additional education can apply its knowledge in space spheres.
Even such industries as creating neurointerfaces for controlling machines by the power of human thought will appear.
What skills are needed: astronomy, applied sciences (botany, physics, chemistry, and geology), space engineers.
Electronic Environment Designers
The VR-technologies today conquer the hearts of not only gamers, but also businessmen. This unique technology makes it possible to find yourself in a simulated space with the help of special glasses, without moving physically.
Today this technology is especially in demand in the field of real estate sales, where future owners of apartments can “walk” around their own housing, which has not yet been built in reality. Designers will be engaged in the design of the environment, such as museums, meeting rooms, classes for training.
In the future, a person can visit any place while sitting at home. This also applies to optimizing the costs for maintaining offices and a new era of digital tourism. The greatest flowering of VR-technology will be felt in the gaming environment. For example, in the future, you can play basketball for your favourite player in any World Cup.
Besides, VR-technologies will be widespread in the armed forces. It will become possible to observe the enemy’s position through glasses connected to the satellite.
What skills are needed: design, architecture, and programming.
Ecologists or Environmental Engineers
These are the real saviours of the humankind! Scientists have calculated that by 2025, the world population will exceed 9 billion people. This means that resources will be in increasingly short supply. Therefore, it is necessary to restore what was killed before.
Engineers will look for ways to revive those ecosystems, which were exposed to the environmental nuclear disasters (Fukushima, Chernobyl). Already today, Japanese scientists are working to freeze radioactive soil at the site of the tragedy in order to prevent its entry into the ocean.
Ecologists of the future will be engaged in the restoration of forests and fresh water bodies, because these are the main sources of oxygen and water. Probably, biotechnologists will learn to receive useful substances from the ground of other planets. The space botany will experience further development.
What skills are needed: ecology, genetic engineering, and nanotechnology.